It is known that cologne was first made by a mobile seller named Jean Paul Feminis in Cologne, Germany, in 1690. However, there is no definitive data on who found it before. Feminis left the prescription to Cologne to someone named Giovanni Antonio Farina; he gave it to his nephew Giovanni Maria Farina. Farina worked on it making and produced the first cologne under the name of pleasant lavender water. It’s production spread to France at the beginning of the 19th century and the people produced it here as cologne water. Then the whole world recognized this smell like cologne.
Cologne was used for medical purposes, not cosmetics, as it is today. The mixture is containing rosemary, orange flower, bergamot, and lemon in its formula. Also, at that time it was taken by dripping into the sugar in the digestive system diseases or mixed with wine. In medicine, it also used as a solution for mouth rinsing, wound cleansing, muscle, and joint pain.
People used it for cleaning in the 18th century after its therapeutic feature. In the face of the bourgeoisie class, which had arisen in the sharpest years of the class war, people defeated heavy perfumes and cologne with its refreshing scent became the symbol of purity.
The first introduction to Cologne’s present territory of Turkey during the Ottoman period was 2nd Abdülhamit. Jean Marie Farina, the biggest cologne producer of the period, applied to take the title of Honorary palace Humayun colognes. The viziers presented this request to the sultan in 1882. It is stated in the sources that the rose water, which was used mostly in the palace until that date, was replaced by the colony in a short time.
At the beginning of the 20th century, some names such as Ethem Pertev, Süleyman Ferid, and Eyüp Sabri Tuncer started to produce it. So, this is how the process that gave birth to the first cologne brands that came to mind.
Ahmet Faruki is the first person to produce it in our country. Faruki called Eau de Cologne the word “cologne” that people popularly call odikolon. So it quickly became an indispensable treat for the hospitality ritual. Many regions today have their cologne varieties. Such as Izmir’s golden drop, Antalya’s orange flower cologne, Rize’s tea cologne, Düzce’s tobacco cologne, Amasya’s apple cologne, Ayvalık’s olive flower cologne.