Although there have been periods like the Middle Ages in Europe and many parts of the world where there is no habit of cleaning, there are traces of baths from the 1st century BC in ancient Greece. As of 33 BC, there were 170 baths in Rome. Sports competitions were organized in the baths, which consisted of a swimming pool, statues reflecting the grandeur of the period, a library and a large garden.
Some structures were built for bathing in Mesopotamia, Babylon, ancient Egypt and India, but structures that could be considered as baths first appeared during the Roman period. These bathing facilities, which are heated by a kind of heating system from below, are known as Roman baths.
Although the foundation was laid during the Roman period, today Turkish bath culture comes to mind in the world.
Turkish Bath Culture
When we look at the baths in Anatolia, we come across two types of baths that serve by natural and heating. The baths where the natural water source is used are called spas, and the baths that are known to be healing and have drinking water are called drinking. Baths have also been used for rituals such as birth, marriage and death. There are many abandoned baths in Anatolia, abandoned to their destiny, and there are hundreds of years old historical baths that are still in service.
It is seen that many Turkish baths were built during the Ottoman period, where the cleaning habits that existed since Central Asia have been maintained. When we look at the Ottoman history, we see that the baths are one of the structures built primarily in the conquered places.
Traditional Turkish Baths;
• Camegah (locker)
• Coldness (loincloth changed and drying process)
• Temperature (bathing place)
consists of sections. The baths, which are an indispensable element of daily life, continue to exist as places where physical and spiritual purification are provided.
In Anatolia, the tradition of going to the baths on Friday evenings, wedding days and eve of religious holidays is continuing. Baths, where women are as interested as men, are kept open until the morning due to the intensity experienced especially on the eve of the feast.
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