Natural nuts from Grand Bazaar Turkey.
Today, the consumption of nuts has become an essential part of healthy consumption. Nuts have been recommended primarily for coronary heart diseases, problems in blood sugar and cholesterol, diabetes, metabolic problems, and their antioxidant, vitamin, and mineral contents. More and more governments recommend them to be consumed on a daily basis.
Turkey, located as a bridge between Europe and Asia, has the advantage of producing various types of nuts as a result of various climate types. With the increase in domestic and international demand, the production of nut is increasing from year to year.
Hazelnut is mainly consumed as a major raw material in chocolate, confectionery and baking industries and as an ingredient in edible nut mixes.
Turkey is internationally renowned for its high-quality hazelnuts. With respect to the production and export of hazelnut, Turkey is the most important country in the world. Hazelnuts are known as a rich source of energy, protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals, and they do not contain cholesterol. Because of these features, hazelnuts are highly recommended by scientists for everyone. In short, it would be fair to say that hazelnuts are a vital nutrient and supplement in a balanced daily diet.
Turkey is the most important country of origin for hazelnuts in the world. Very few countries in the world have a climate as favorable for hazelnut production as that of Turkey.
Originating from the genus Pistacia, the species Pistacia vera is native to the Near East, Mediterranean, and Western Asia. The green seed, which is the pistachio nut, is in a crusty shell that is being cracked during consumption. Pistachio kernels are very popular as a snack but also are used as an ingredient in meat products like salami or sausages, or in the confectionery industry as a part of chocolate, cakes, Turkish Delight, baklava, ice cream, and other traditional Turkish sweets.
Walnuts are produced in many regions of Turkey. Most of the production is consumed domestically since walnuts are regarded as healthy because of their high omega-3 fatty acid content.
The proximity to the Middle Eastern countries has made Turkey an important supplier for this product. The second important country group is the EU countries.
Being the third biggest chestnut producer in the world, Turkey is a leading producer of the Castanea sativa. The main production areas are the Aegean and the Black Sea regions. Aydin is the most important province in chestnut production.
Being a popular ingredient for the confectionary industry, chestnuts are preferred in cakes and other sweets like chestnut purees, marmalade, and glazes. Therefore, the export figures of raw chestnuts seem relatively low since they are exported in processed forms.
Peanuts are not originating from trees, but from legumes like lentils and other beans. It is favored among consumers for their high fatty acids and vitamins as well as resveratrol – ma valuable antioxidant.
The majority of peanuts in Turkey are produced in the Cukurova Region, in which Adana and Osmaniye provinces are the main production areas.
Originating from the Latin “Pinus pinea”, pine nuts are generally grown naturally in the Mediterranean region. It has been a popular ingredient in various foods especially in the Roman Empire and also in many Middle Eastern civilizations. It was the Roman Empire that introduced this special nut to European consumers from where it spread to the other parts of the world, especially America.
The cultivation of pine nuts from its trees may take 18-20 years. After cultivation of the cones, they are left to dry and the nuts are separated mechanically. Afterward, the outer shell of the pine nut is removed. Pine nuts are popular for their nutritional properties, containing a high amount of proteins and minerals. Also, its taste has unique contributions to various dishes as well in confectionery products.
As a Mediterranean Country, Turkey enjoys the privilege of being important produce and exporter of pine nuts. The majority of the exports are headed to European countries like Italy, Germany, Switzerland, and Spain.
Almonds in Turkey are generally produced in provinces having Aegean or Mediterranea climates. In this regard, the main almond growing provinces in Turkey are Mugla and Mersin where about one-quarter of the Turkish almond production is realized. Especially the Datca district of Mugla, and the Bozyazi and Anamur districts of Mersin have been specialized in almond production. Other important production regions in Turkey are Antalya, Isparta, Sanliurfa, Denizli, and Elazig.