The region of Cappadocia is the place where nature and history are the most beautiful in the world. While the geographical events were creating the “fairy chimneys”, in the historical process, people also carved houses, churches into these fairy chimneys and carried these traces of thousands of years old civilizations by decorating them with frescoes.
Strabon, one of the writers of Antiquity during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus, states in his book ‘Geographika’ (Anatolia XII, XIII, XIV) the boundaries of the Cappadocia Region as a large region extending to the Taurus Mountains in the south, Aksaray in the west, Malatya in the east and East Black Sea in the north.
Today’s Cappadocia Region is the area occupied by Nevsehir, Aksaray, Nigde, Kayseri and Kirsehir. The narrower rocky Cappadocia Region consists of Uchisar, Urgup, Avanos, Goreme, Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, Ihlara and its surroundings.
Traditional Cappadocia houses and pigeon houses carved into the rocks express the authenticity of the region. These houses were built on the slopes in the 19th century either from rocks or cut stone.
Because of the volcanic structure of the region, which is the only architect material of the region, it can be processed very easily after leaving the quarry, but after contact with the air, it hardens and becomes a very durable building material. It has received. The material of both the courtyard and house doors is wooden. *
The upper part of the arched doors is decorated with stylized ivy or rosette motifs. The pigeons in the region are small buildings built in the late 19th century and 18th century. Some of the pigeons, which are important in terms of showing Islamic painting, were built as monasteries or churches. The surface of the pigeons is adorned with rich ornaments and inscriptions by local artists.
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