Ashura, the Oldest Dessert In The World

Noah’s ark pudding, like many Turkish dishes, has its own story behind it. Turkish legend has it that the first version of ‘aşure’ was made by Noah himself. After weeks on the ark, the waters began to recede. As food stocks dwindled, Noah decided to throw bits of everything he had left on the ark into one pot.

In modern Turkish culture, Noah’s ark pudding is a symbol of diversity, friendship, and unity. When a cook prepares ‘aşure,’ they make a lot, as it’s customary to distribute bowls of pudding to as many friends and neighbors as possible.

About Ashura

‘Aşure,’ the Turkish name for Noah’s pudding, is associated with Ashura. Ashura is common throughout the Middle East and spans many cultures, traditions, and religions.

Ashura was originally a Jewish celebration marking the rescue of Moses from the Pharaoh during which Hebrews fasted. Sunni Muslims also connect this period during the year with the deliverance of Moses.

For Shia Muslims, the day of Ashura is celebrated a few days before Ramadan, during “Muharram,” the 10th month, to commemorate the martyrdom of al-Husayn, the son of Ali and Fatima and the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed.

Ashura reminds Muslims of the sacrifices the Prophet’s family made for mankind. The Ashura period is marked by the donation and sharing of food and sweets as an act of communion with God and reunition with humanity.

We even heard that a version of Ashura is celebrated as far away as Haiti!

How to Make Noah’s Ark Pudding

There is no set recipe for making Noah’s ark pudding. There are hundreds, if not thousands of variations. You can use the basic recipe below as a guide.

You can adapt the ingredients and according to your taste or what you have on hand. Classic versions of ‘aşure’ use rose water to flavor the pudding.

We like to add the zest of an orange and a lemon in place of the rose water for a citrusy flavor. Many cooks prefer the pudding plain with no added flavoring.

Whichever way you choose to prepare it, be ready to share your Noah’s ark pudding with your neighbors, too. This recipe will make enough to fill a large pot.

  • Ingredients
  • Steps
  • Comments


  • 3 cups uncooked whole grain wheat or barley
  • 1 1/2 cups canned chickpeas (rinsed and drained)
  • 1 1/2 cups canned navy beans (rinsed and drained)
  • 1/4 cup uncooked rice
  • 3 tablespoon dried currants
  • 3 tablespoon pine nuts
  • 8 dried apricots (cut into chunks)
  • 8 dried figs (cut in chunks)
  • 3 cups of sugar
  • 2 cinnamon sticks
  • Zest of 1 orange (optional)
  • Zest of 1 lemon (optional)
  • 2 tablespoon rose water (optional)

Steps to Make It

  1. The night before put the wheat or barley in a large pot and cover it with plenty of water.
  2. Bring it to a boil, cover and reduce the heat. Allow it to boil gently for about ten minutes.
  3. Turn off the heat and leave the grain to cool and soak overnight.
  4. The next morning, the grain should have absorbed most, if not all the liquid. Add the chickpeas, beans, rice, dried fruits, sugar and optional rose water or orange, and lemon zest.
  5. Add more water to just cover the ingredients if needed. Bring the mixture to a boil.
  6. Stir the mixture gently with a wooden spoon as it cooks until it thickens.
  7. Remove it from the heat and fill dessert bowls or a large serving bowl with the pudding.
  8. Once it cools down and sets, cover and refrigerate it for several hours.
  9. Before serving, garnish the pudding with fresh pomegranate seeds, pine nuts, finely chopped dried fruits and groundnuts.
  10. Some prefer their pudding more watery, some prefer it stiffer. If you prefer a stiffer pudding, add a teaspoon or two of powdered gelatin while the mixture cooks. This will give you a firmer pudding once it cools down.
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